Abdomen - The rear section of an insectís body. It
contains the heart, the stomach, and the reproductive organs.
Abiotic Ė Non-living. Not associated with or derived
from living organisms. Abiotic factors in an environment include
such items as sunlight, temperature, wind patterns, and precipitation.
Antenna Ė An insectís two feelers, used mainly for smelling
and touching. They grow from the insectís heads.
Aspiration - A simple device that is used by entomologists
to collect small insects.
Biotic - Of or having to do with life or living organisms.
Produced or caused by living organisms.
Cell Membrane- The outer covering of the cell consisting
of a lipid bilayer with proteins embedded in it.
Classification - The systematic grouping of organisms
into categories on the basis of evolutionary or structural relationships
Complete Metamorphosis - The complete form of metamorphosis
in which an insect passes through four separate stages of growth,
as embryo, larva, pupa, and imago. Also called holometabolism.
Compound eye- An insectís compound eye has a number of
separate lenses, each of which sees at a slightly different
angle. (A human eye has just one lens)
Consumer Ė An organism that ingests or eats other organisms
or organic matter in a food chain.
Decomposer - An organism, often a bacterium or fungus,
that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter, thus
making organic nutrients available to the ecosystem.
Drone- A male bee or ant, his only job is to mate with
Ecosystem - An ecological community together with its
environment, functioning as a unit. A system involving the interactions
between a community of living organisms in a particular area
and its nonliving environment.
Energy Pyramid - A diagram that shows the amount of energy
passed on at each level of a food chain. A pyramid-shaped diagram
representing quantitatively the numbers of organisms, energy
relationships, and biomass of an ecosystem; numbers are high
for the lowest trophic levels (plants) and low for the highest
trophic level (carnivores).
Entomologist- A scientist who has a special interest
Exoskeleton- An insectís skeleton is on the outside of
its body (unlike the human skeleton which is underneath the
skin) the exoskeleton gives the insect extra protection, just
like a suit of armor. Some other animals such as scorpions also
Extinction- The complete disappearance of the species
of animal or plant from the earth.
Femur- The upper part of an insects leg, It is often
the largest section housing powerful jumping muscles.
Food Chain - Food chains are representative of the eating
relationships between species within an ecosystem or a particular
living place. Many types of food chains or webs are applicable
depending on habitat or environmental factors.
Food Web - A series of linked food chains. A network
of food chains in an ecosystem.
Galls - Swelling on plants or leaves. They are caused
when an insect injects a substance into the plant, which makes
part of it swell. Galls provide food and shelter for growing
Genus - The group of insects to which every individual
Golgi Complex- A netlike structure in the cytoplasm of
Grubs- Young insects, especially beetles that are still
developing into adults. They do not look anything like the adult
Habitat- An insectís natural home. An insectís habitat
may be under stones, on certain leaves or inside the bark of
Hive - The place where a colony of bees lives and rears
Honeycomb- The cells inside a beehive where the honey
is stored, and where the young bee grubs live. The honeycomb
is made out of the beeswax that the worker bees produce in their
Lens- A curved section inside an eye that focuses rays
of light. The compound eyes of insects may contain many hundreds
of separate lenses.
Microscope - An optical instrument consisting of a lens
or combination of lenses for making enlarged images of minute
objects; especially: COMPOUND MICROSCOPE or a non-optical instrument
(as one using radiations other than light or using vibrations)
for making enlarged images of minute objects.
Mitosis - Mitosis is a process of cell division which
results in the production of two daughter cells from a single
parent cell. The daughter cells are identical to one another
and to the original parent cell.
Producers Ė A green plant that makes its own food (sugar).
A photosynthetic green plant or chemosynthetic bacterium, constituting
the first trophic level in a food chain; an autotrophic organism.
Ribosomes- Any of numerous minute particles in the cytoplasm
of cells, either free or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum,
that contain RNA and protein and are the site of protein synthesis
Taxonomy - The classification of organisms in an ordered
system that indicates natural relationships. The science, laws,
or principles of classification.